"Thou shalt utterly destroy," the Lord said, But, as the Old Testament record faithfully attests, old ideas as basic to life and human nature as belief in a Mother in Heaven did not die easily! . All rights reserved. That scene provided the setting and the backdrop for an even greater set of revelations-an expanded prophecy of the future: the coming of Christ and his atoning mission, the future of Lehi's descendants, the restoration of the gospel in the last days, and the ongoing struggle between the forces of evil and righteousness. 11:17). Was Lifted up upon the Cross and Slain for the Sins of the World: Donna Nielsen notes that the last night that Christ spent with his disciples was during Passover, a beautiful feast celebrated by the Jews to commemorate their deliverance from Egypt, slavery, and death. These high mountains were like temples for these prophets. . He allows Nephi a vision of Nazareth and a virgin, "exceedingly fair and white" and then asks: "Knowest thou the condescension of God?" Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low estate" (Romans 12:16). Under it are Isaac [he probably means Jacob] and the twelve tribes of Israel. . Now we know that these terms were part of Christianity's original Jewish heritage.243, [Matthew Roper, Book Review of Jerald and Sandra Tanner's Covering Up the Black Hole in the Book of Mormon, in Review of Books on the Book of Mormon, Vol. After opening with a short flyover summary, each episode progresses through each verse of the chapter -- pausing for commentary and observations. Terryl L. Givens notes that in the 1837 edition, the words "Son of" were inserted before the Deity title in four verses: 1 Nephi 11:18, 11:21; 11:32, and 13:40. [George Potter & Richard Wellington, Discovering Nephi's Trail, Chapter 3, pp. ", Other ancient American documents speak of a heavenly Father and Mother of Life. [Matthew Roper, Book Review of Jerald and Sandra Tanner's, Covering Up the Black Hole in the Book of Mormon. . [Joseph Fielding McConkie and Robert L. Millet, Doctrinal Commentary on the Book of Mormon, Vol. 1, p. 2]. In English, to condescend is a commonly used verb, but as a noun, it is rarely seen. It seems at first glance as if Nephi is shown two separate visions: one of the vision of the tree of life and another of the history of the world beginning with the birth of the Savior. Nephi’s vision is the type of revelation known in biblical literature as apocalyptic, and it is represented in the New Testament most fully by the Revelation of John. My suspicions are not, however, essential to the fundamental thesis of this paper, which is simply that the representation, by a tree, of a divine consort bearing a divine child--to us a rather unexpected juxtaposition--was intelligible to Nephi because, whatever his personal opinion of Asherah may have been, such symbolism was familiar to him. But the Jerusalem Bible translation says that "Yahweh appeared to him at the Oak of Mamre.". Besides, this term occurs in the context of a vision that Lehi saw (1 Nephi 10:7-10), in which he, John the Baptist bear record that he had baptized the Lamb of God. (Rom. Now she was eighty-four years old, a widow but "she departed not from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day." Artist: Clark Kelley Price. [Brant Gardner, "Brant Gardner's Page, "http://www.highfiber.com/~nahualli/LDStopics/1Nephi/ 1Nephi11.htm, pp. '," in Doctrines of the Book of Mormon: The 1991 Sperry Symposium, pp. The Lamb of God . Equally possible, is that Nephi could have drawn upon the imagery of the lamb brought to the slaughter to made an offering for sin, as found at Isaiah 53:7, 10, which would have been part of the plates of brass. The whole pantheon was a patriarchal order, composed of the sons and daughters of two heavenly parents who were thought of as God the Father and God the Mother--El and Asherah. One opinion is that it is the spirit person of Christ, and the other is that it was the spirit person of the Holy Ghost. In other terms, the Word, the Logos, was already divinized in third-millennium Canaan . [John Welch and Morgan Ashton, "A Comparison of Lehi's Dream and Nephi's Vision," in Charting the Book of Mormon, F.A.R.M.S., Packet 1. Nephi's phrase, and I saw and bear record, implies that he wouldn't have believed it if he hadn't seen it with his own eyes. The bull was considered to be the seat of different gods in Egypt, Babylonia, and Aram. Since earliest times in the Near East the king had been associated with the image of a sacred tree. The book was written around 600 B.C. Even the language used to describe her echoes that used for the tree. It certainly qualifies as "an exceedingly high mountain." Herod was told by the scribes that the prophets had written, "And thou, Bethlehem, which lieth in the land of Judea, in thee shall be born a prince, which art not the least among the princes of Judea; for out of thee shall come the Messiah, who shall save my people Israel." 9, Num. Here are the twelve sons of Israel surrounding Jacob, or Israel. Moses' response to what he found taking place as he descended the mount is found in the book of Exodus: "Who is for Yahweh? In the case of the Patriarchs, it was customary to set up a sacred stone pillar near a sacred tree and to consecrate it with oil.266 Often this would be in some high place on a hill or in the mountains. What was the mountain that Nephi was caught up into. Sometimes he was portrayed standing on a bull, and at other times he was depicted with a helmet on, which had horns coming out of each side. They knew that God was a man, but it was contrary to their law for them to portray Him as such through the use of any drawing, image or idol. As Nephi obeyed the angel and looked, he saw the Redeemer of the world. This document probably originated in Egypt in the mid-third century of the Christian era and relates a vision of the great apostle that, in some details at least, strikingly resembles the vision of Nephi: "And he [the angel] showed me the Tree of Life," Paul is reported to have said, "and by it was a revolving red-hot sword. The practice of drawing parallels between current and ancient history is well documented in Alan Goff's article "Boats, Beginnings, and Repetitions,". I suspect, furthermore, that it was such garbling and corruption that impelled the Deuteronomistic reformers, whom I believe to have been inspired, to oppose and suppress the veneration of Asherah, just as they opposed and suppressed the veneration of the Nehushtan of Moses. (2 Nephi 4:15-16.) In other words, the Nehushtan had an illustrious pedigree entirely within the religious world of Israel, and there is no reason to believe that the asherah was any different in this respect. (Robert J. Matthews, "A Greater Portrayal of the Master,". . I suspect, furthermore, that it was such garbling and corruption that impelled the Deuteronomistic reformers, whom I believe to have been inspired, to oppose and suppress the veneration of Asherah, just as they opposed and suppressed the veneration of the Nehushtan of Moses. The same is also true of he other two calves which were built later in the northern Kingdom by Jeroboam, and set up in Dan and at Bethel.289 In all three cases the scriptures clearly state that in the mind of those who constructed them the image was built to Yahweh/El, the true God of Israel. According to Wikipidia, “In biblical studies, inclusio is a literary device based on a concentric principle, also known as bracketing or an envelope structure, which consists of creating a frame by placing similar material at the beginning and end of a section.” In continuing, the Lord instructed Moses to go down into Egypt and tell the children of Israel that "Yahweh the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob" had sent him to them. 1 Nephi 8. Upon Joshiah's death eleven years alter (609, . The tree is full of animals. The scriptures say that their cup was full to overflowing. 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